This colourful catfish with the varied pattern lives in a southern clear water inflow system of the Rio Xingu in South America. As it is not on the IBAMA positive list, its export from Brazil is strictly prohibited. All commercially available specimens are offsprings.
With optimal care this species has a life expectancy of up to 15 years. However, the fish are easy to care for and therefore also suitable for beginners.
What distinguishes Belo Monte L399 Loricariid Catfish?
Loricariid catfish L399 very lively, peaceful, well tolerated aquarium fish, which can be very well socialized with dwarf shrimps, snails, smaller schooling fish and also other catfish. Especially shrimp lovers will have their joy, because the catfish do not eat even the shrimp offspring. A small group of 4-6 loricariid catfish is good to keep and ideal roommate e.g. in a South America biotope.
The appearance of Belo Monte Loricariid L399
The basic colour of the fish is cream white with dark worm lines. But the pattern is very variable. There are also variations with black to dark brown dotted lines.
The males have a broader head and are larger than the females. Males have so-called antennae (spines or barbels) on their head. The males have on the first pectoral fin ray and the whole body a clearly stronger odonton growth than the females. On the hind body the odontons are clearly visible in the male. The interopercular odontons are also longer in the males.
Water values for Belo Monte Loricariid L399
For the fish to feel comfortable, good water quality is a prerequisite. Low nitrate, no nitrite, high oxygen content, regular water changes and good filtration are therefore essential. The water values are of secondary importance, but the following guidelines should be followed:
- pH 5 to 7
- GH 3 to 15
- KH 0 to 7
- Temperature 26 to 30°C
Food and feed for Belo Monte Loricariid L399
Loricariid catfish are omnivores, but they feed predominantly omnivorous. Dry food is also gladly accepted. As the catfish are mainly ground dwelling, fast sinking food should be chosen.
The ideal aquarium for Belo Monte Loricariid L399
A tank size from 200 l upwards is advantageous, because the fish with a final size of up to 13 cm needs a lot of space. Especially if it is kept in small groups. The Belo Monte Loricariid L399 is a twilight or nocturnal fish, therefore the aquarium should not be too bright. For the well-being of the catfish also caves and/or stone crevices contribute, into which the quite shy animals can retreat. Plants in the aquarium are of less importance, especially since younger specimens of the species like to nibble on them. Especially succulent stem plants do not survive for long. If plants do, then preferably hard-leaved, bitter tasting species such as Anubias or Java fern. As with all catfish species, the substrate should consist of fine, not too hard grained sand or gravel.
- Public pool
- Keeping in pairs or groups of 4-5 specimens
- Cave hiding places
- Frequent water changes
- Live and dried fodder (fast sinking)