The small colourful guinea fowl were first discovered not too long ago, in 2006, but because of their beautiful pattern they were already very popular aquarium fish in 2007. The home countries of the guinea fowl are Thailand and Myanmar. Guinea fowl bear cichlids are very lively fish and need freedom of movement. To feel comfortable, they need a group. They can easily be socialized with other small barbels and bearblings.
What are the characteristics of the guinea fowl?
Guinea fowl Bearblings are peaceful, small, lively and very colourful group fish. Their scientific name is Danio margaritatus. They belong to the family of bearblings and to the order of carp-like fishes. These are freshwater fishes, which were first discovered in 2006. The home of the fish is Thailand and Myanmar. As omnivores, the animals need a varied diet with plenty of live food.
The appearance of guinea fowl
Pearl chicken bearblings are elongated small fish that can grow to a maximum length of 3 cm. However, they are usually somewhat smaller. They are characterized by a striking colourful pattern. The flanks are bright blue with white spots, the fins are red-black, back and belly are light brown, ochre or slightly reddish.
Guinea fowls should be kept in groups of 8 to 10 animals to feel comfortable. It is possible to socialize them with other small barbels and bearblings. They are omnivores. On the one hand the fish need enough space to swim, but also dense border planting and shady floating plants on the surface. They are freshwater fish. Under good husbandry conditions, guinea fowl can live for about 3 years.
- Important is group housing
- The fish can be well socialized with small barbels and bearblings
- Guinea fowls are omnivores
- They are freshwater fish
- Space for swimming is important, but also border planting and floating plants
- The life expectancy is about 3 years
The female animals are not quite as brightly colored as the males, although they are quite similar. The best way to distinguish females and males is to look at the anal fin. Like all other fins, the anal fin of males is bright red-black-striped, the female fin is almost transparent. Furthermore male guinea fowls perform impressive mating dances to impress the females.
Water values for guinea fowl bear cubs:
- Water temperature 20 to 25 degrees Celsius
- pH value 6 to 7.6
- Water hardness 5°-20° dH
Feed and nutrition for guinea fowl
As omnivores, guinea fowl need a mixture of live, frozen and dry food. Due to their small size, live food must also be small food animals. These can be, for example, daphnia, cyclops and artemia. When feeding, it should be noted that guinea fowl only take their food in the middle of the tank, neither on the surface nor on the bottom. Therefore it is important to feed the animals several times a day with rather small portions.
The ideal aquarium for guinea fowl
The ideal aquarium for guinea fowl should have at least 50 litres of content and on the one hand, as already mentioned under keeping conditions, should offer enough space for the lively fish to swim, but also contain dense border planting and floating plants on the surface as shade providers.
Special features of guinea fowl
After the discovery of the species, wild populations quickly became very rare. However, since guinea fowl can be easily reproduced in captivity, it is advisable not to buy wild catches but to take advantage of the offers of breeders.