The Rainbow cichlid & purple cichlid or also king cichlid belongs to the group of cichlids. It is at home in Central Africa, the main distribution areas are on the coasts of Nigeria and Cameroon. Due to its attractive colouring, the purple perch is one of the most popular ornamental fish for aquaria.
What distinguishes the purple language perch?
In general, rainbow cichlid & purple cichlidbehave very socially among themselves. The keeping is uncomplicated, therefore the Purple Laced Cichlid is suitable as a ‘starter breed’ for aquarium owners with little experience.
The appearance of Rainbow cichlid & purple cichlid
Rainbow cichlid & purple cichlid are characterised by their striking colour appearance, which gives this fish breed its name. There is usually a reddish spot on the belly of the perch. Apart from this, the colour shades are variable, in addition to red there are also shades of yellow or blue, for example.
- Compared to other breeds of ornamental fish, purple groupers are quite frugal. As they often stay on the (gravel) bottom and like to hide, the aquarium should be equipped with caves or artificially created niches. For this purpose, for example, hollowed out nuts can be recycled. They offer the fish space and the opportunity for species-appropriate activity. Pregnant females lay their eggs in them. Aquatic plants such as algae are suitable for planting, which can provide the perch with additional food
- Scattered gravel on the aquarium floor
- Playing possibilities in the form of caves or niches for hiding (later breeding grounds)
- For planting: Algae on which the fish can eat occasionally
Male fish have a patch of darker colour on their gills, the females are conspicuous by a yellow colouring on their dorsal fin. On average, male purple groupers can grow up to ten centimetres, while the females do not grow beyond 7.5 centimetres. Therefore, they can be easily differentiated from each other by size alone.
A male purple grouper has sharp-edged fins with a pointed shape. This applies primarily to its dorsal fin. Female perches have slightly rounded fins, and their abdomen is more pronounced. Thus the male fish have an elongated appearance, in comparison the female fish appear rounder and less agile due to their short body.
An average water temperature between 24 and 26 degrees is ideal for purple groupers. Soft water with a pH of about 5-7.5 (acidic to neutral pH) should be used.
Food and nutrition
The purple perch eats mainly food from the gravel bottom of the aquarium. Only in exceptional cases do the perch swim to the water surface for food. Algae, vegetables, granulated or live food are among the preferred foods of the purple groupers.
The ideal aquarium for Purple groupers
Under species-appropriate conditions, the purple language perch can reach an age of up to nine years. For a pair of fish the aquarium should contain about 150 litres of water. The keeping in pairs is very common with Purple groupers, for a group the aquarium must have a correspondingly larger space.
Purple groupers feel most comfortable in soft water with a temperature of 24 to 26 degrees. The keeper should renew the water every two weeks. In addition to possibilities for hiding and spawning, the aquarium is provided with plants, and sufficient space must be left for swimming. The bottom is strewn with fine gravel, which is enriched with peat.
- Keeping is mostly done in pairs
- Volume of the aquarium: approx. 150 litres
- When keeping in groups, the aquarium size is adjusted accordingly
- Temperature of the water: 24 to 26 degrees with soft hardness
- Fill the aquarium with fresh water after two weeks
- Gravel soil mixed with peat
- Hiding places to play and lay eggs
- Plants like algae in the corners, leave enough space for swimming
Special features of purple perch
The main characteristic of the purple glossy perch is its colourful appearance. The peaceful behaviour as well as the relative undemanding nature of the fish also make it unique. Purple groupers are considered to be omnivores, they take up food primarily from the gravel bottom. In general they are adaptable and with a maximum age of up to nine years they form a long-lived breed.[adinsert block=”2″]