White Cloud Mountain minnow

The White Cloud Mountain minnow (Tanichthys albonubes) belongs to the order of carp-like fish (Cypriniformes). This ornamental fish is a member of the Cyprinidae family. Strictly speaking, this freshwater fish belongs to the subfamily of bearfish (Rasborinae).

It originally comes from southern China. It is native to the mountain streams of Baiyunshan Mountain (White Cloud Mountain). In 1938 this fish genus was introduced to Germany. In Germany it is often referred to as cardinal or cardinals.

What distinguishes the White Cloud Mountain minnow?

This freshwater fish is an ornamental fish without great demands. Aquaristic beginners can keep the cardinal fish without any problems.

The appearance of White Cloud Mountain minnow

The white Cloud Mountain minnow has a brown-green to grey-green coloration. The underside (belly area) is lighter coloured. The greenish ground colour of the fins is interrupted with partly strong reddish parts. The fin tips with a white-green colouring form the end. At the caudal fin a black spot in the red tint is noticeable. Furthermore the white Cloud Mountain minnow has a conspicuous luminous band alongside the body. There are no beard threads on the fish mouth. The lips are narrow and he has a protruding lower jaw. The cardinal fish can reach a size between 4 and 5 cm. In good health it can reach 8 years of age.

Housing conditions

The white Cloud Mountain minnow is not difficult to keep. Following is an overview of the most important conditions:

  • Fresh water
  • Pool size from 60 cm length
  • Water temperature summer to 23 °C
  • Water temperature winter between 18 °C and 20 °C
  • pH value between 6 and 8
  • Water hardness between 5 and 20 °dGH
  • green plants and ground cover
  • stronger current

Gender differences

The sexes are not to be distinguished in the size. The males of the white Cloud Mountain minnow have a more intensive colouring and a slim build. The females are more plump due to the spawning approach.

Water values for the white Cloud Mountain minnow

The white Cloud Mountain minnow is rather undemanding in terms of water values. The pH-value can be between 6.0 and 8.0. The total hardness may vary between 5 and 20 °dGH. More important are the water temperatures. In summer the temperature should be around 23 °C and in the winter months between 18 °C and 20 °C.

Food and nutrition for the white Cloud Mountain minnow fish

White Cloud Mountain minnow fish are omnivores. Nevertheless, one should keep two things in mind. The offered food must be adapted to the mouth size. Food or food remains on the aquarium floor are not interesting for ornamental fish.

Food examples:

The ideal aquarium for the white Cloud Mountain minnow fish

The aquarium should have a length of at least 60 cm. A plantation of green plants and java moss is used as a hiding place and for spawning. At the bottom fine morocco roots can set accents. Male white Cloud Mountain minnow  fish can use these demarcations to mark out their territory. The swarm swimmer needs sufficient free space to swim. A stronger current should be present in the aquarium. Thus the native mountain streams are imitated. A cool location prevents a temperature rise above 23 °C in summer. A suitable cooling device could be useful here.

Characteristics of white Cloud Mountain minnow fish

This ornamental fish can be kept in the garden pond during the summer months. Large tubs or vats can also be used. This type of keeping has a positive effect on the health of these fish. By adapting the water temperature to summer and winter, their life expectancy increases.

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